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Pacific NW Environmental History & Governance

Provides information on finding environmental history and management, including many primary (government) sources, such as Environmental Impact Statements and the Northwest Forest Plan.

U.S. Federal Sources

Congressional Publications

Executive Agencies & Publications

Presidential -- see the guide to Presidential Papers, Speeches and Executive Orders

Executive Agencies with Environmental Responsibilities

Idaho is divided between Region 1 (Northern) and Region 4 (Intermountain)

U.S. Department of the Interior -- created in 1849, with a wide range of responsibilities:

The BLM was created in 1946 out of the General Land Office (1812) and U.S. Grazing Service.

  • The annual reports of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, 1866-1932 (incomplete) can be found in the Dewey collection, 4th floor, 336.1 Un32r
  • Some of these reports, along with other historic GLO documents, can be found on the BLM website.  BLM also has GLO Land Records online.
  • There are several USGS report series that go back to the late 1800s/early 1900s, including the Bulletin, the Professional Papers, and the Water Supply Papers.

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) -- concerns include climate change, clean energy, energy efficiency

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

NOAA (National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration)

  • Although NOAA is a fairly recently created (1970) agency, it was formed by merging 3 much  older agencies: the Coast and Geodetic Survey (1807), the Fisheries Service (ca. 1871), and the National Weather Service (1870).

Transportation (DOT)


Citing government sources


Chicago style