Children, language, lands: almost everything was stripped away, stolen when you weren't looking because you were trying to stay alive
- Braiding Sweetgrass, The Council of Pecans (p.17).
In May 2022, a US government report from the Interior Department acknowledged that at least 500 Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian children died while attending Indian boarding schools run or supported by the U.S. government (read the "Federal Indian Boarding School Initiative Investigative Report"). According to this MSNBC video and article, this is the first time the U.S. Government has attempted to comprehensively research and acknowledge the magnitude of the horrors it inflicted on Native American children for decades.
The news coverage following the report brought a lot of new attention to this topic, including federal, state, and local efforts to recognize and examine the roles of public and private institutions in this sad history. Below are some books that pre-date the report, and have helped shed light on voices of those who experienced the trauma of boarding schools.
Search for more information using LibrarySearch and searching for Subjects: "Off-reservation boarding schools," ("Indian students -- Government policy" OR "Indian students -- Relocation"), ("Indian Students" AND "Cultural assimilation")or search by specific boarding school name like Carlisle Indian Industrial School. You can also contact a librarian for help.
These resources were located using a Subject search for (Colonies OR Colonization OR "Land settlement") AND (Oregon OR "Pacific Northwest" OR Northwest, Pacific").
Search for information in LibrarySearch using Subjects "Postcolonial and Colonial Studies", "Native and Indigenous Studies", "Indian philosophy -- North America", "Traditional Ecological Knowledge", and "Postcolonial Discourse", "Self-government", and more.
Books on Sovereignty, Land Use, and Resources
Salmon and forests are just two of major topics of discussion in the Pacific Northwest. Search for more at LibrarySearch.
In this video, Elizabeth Campbell from the Northwest Indian College shares her work with camas. Northwest Indian College is the only accredited tribal college serving the states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. Read about NWIC's history at it's website.
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