The rules governing the showing of copyrighted videos are the same as those governing any other copyrighted performance.
A properly purchased or rented video (DVD, VHS, streaming) may be used in a classroom setting in conjunction with face-to-face instruction. Care should be taken to comply with any special terms in the rental or purchase agreements. When streaming a video from a service you personally subscribe to such as Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime, etc., check the licensing terms. They take precedence over copyright and fair use
These criteria must be met:
If all these criteria are met, a film can be shown even if labels like "For Home Use Only" appear on the package.
Section 110(1) of the Copyright Law, Title 17, U.S. Code allows for "performance or display of a work by instructors or pupils in the course of face-to-face teaching activities of a nonprofit educational institution, in a classroom or similar place devoted to instruction."
In most other cases, public performance rights (PPR) are needed to give you the right to legally screen videos or play music in a public setting, even for a non-paying audience. Please note that videos are usually considered "home use" only unless they have been specifically purchased or licensed with PPR.
"Home use" can include a dorm room or other private space, but where showings are limited to a "normal circle of a family and its social acquaintances." The only exception to this is the face-to-face teaching exemption noted above.
Swank Motion Pictures, Inc. is the major non-theatrical movie distributor and public performance licensing agent in venues where feature movies are shown publicly.
Motion Picture Licensing Corporation is an independent copyright licensing agency that provides the Umbrella License to ensure copyright compliance for the public performance of motion pictures.
If none of the above has the film, your next step is to go to Internet Movie Database. First, look up the title of the film. When you have arrived at the film's webpage, click on "company credits". Here, you'll see the distributor(s) listed. Once you have the name of the original distributor, try this list of distributor contacts.
The following digital video collections in the UO Libraries automatically come with public performance rights.
According to American University's Center for Media and Social Impact (CMSI) these two tests or questions can help you plan whether to use the copyrighted work of others without asking permission:
Examples of transformative use include: satire and parody, negative or critical commentary, positive commentary, quoting to start a discussion, illustration or example, and incidental use.