Skip to Main Content
University of Oregon
UO Libraries

SPAN 308: Comunidades bilingües

This research guide was created to support students enrolled in Spanish 308

Step 5 - Organize, Write & Cite

Green pencil icon from Noun ProjectOrganizing your research can help make the writing and citing process easier. Why do we cite? Several reasons! 

  1. It makes us look good. Seriously, it's the ethical and responsible thing to do when using ideas or quotations from others.
  2. It helps us point our readers to our sources where they can more deeply engage with the scholarly conversation.
  3. It helps us to learn how to communicate formally within our discipline/major.

Use tips from this page to guide you in this step.

Organizing Your Research - Avoiding Plagiarism

Avoiding plagiarism means ensuring you give proper credit to those whose ideas you are borrowing in your own work through citation. One great way to track where you get your ideas is to take good notes during your research process.

The best way to organize your research is to find a way that works for you! Here are some suggestions:

A table showing several options for organizing research

Notecards

Notecards icon from Noun Project

Spreadsheet

Noun project icon of spreadsheet

Research Journal

composition book icon from Noun Project

Reference/Citation Manager 

Quotation icon from Noun Project

ZoteroMendeleyEndNote, etc.

Whatever approach you choose, consider highlighting useful search words, subject headings, and keeping track of where you found your information sources in case you or another researcher needs to go back to verify the information you cite. 

Major Citation Styles - Official and Credible Guidance

Official Style Manuals

There are many different types of academic and professional writing styles, but the four below represent some of the major guides. Click on the image of the book cover to be taken to the book or eBook in our library collection.

Major Style Guides by Fields that Use Them

Humanities

Social Sciences Humanities & Social Sciences Some Sciences

Cover Art

MLA Handbook

Cover Art

APA Manual

Cover Art

Chicago Manual

Cover Art

CSE Manual

Online Style Resources

Although these resources are not official, they are still credible and very useful! If one of these websites doesn't answer your question, check out the official style guide or contact a librarian for help!

UO Research Guide

This helpful guide from UO Libraries also provides some information on various citation styles.

Understanding MLA Style (8th Edition, 2016 Updates) Video Tutorial

Watch this video to learn about updates to the MLA 8th edition (2016). The speaker  speaks quickly, so we recommend turning on the Closed Captioning to read the transcript.

Step 5: Pause to Reflect on Your Process

Process icon from Noun ProjectFirst of all, congratulations on making it this far! You may still have some loose ends to tie up, and that is OK. Take a moment to think back through your research process. Did you learn any helpful tips along the way? Are there new strategies that you can use for future projects or papers?

Do you still need more information? You can go back to previous steps at any time to revisit your research question or look for more or different sources of information. If you think you missed something, please feel free to reach out to a Subject Librarian:

Need Help?

Chat Email Phone Text

Writing Support on Campus

Two people sitting at a computer looking together at the same screen

Photo Credit: UO Libraries

Note: Please check the websites below for availability of online or remote services:

Citation Management Tools

Citation managers help you collect, organize, cite, and share research. Click on the links below for guidance on using these tools.

Learning Opportunities

For help learning these tools, contact an expert listed on the tool's guide or sign up for one of our workshops:

Avoiding Plagiarism: What Do I Need to Cite? (Video Tutorial)

Check out this video from Kevin deLaplante to learn about plagiarism and borrowing both quotes and ideas (paraphrasing). 

University of Oregon Libraries
1501 Kincaid Street Eugene, OR
97403-1299
T: (541) 346-3053
F: (541) 346-3485
Make a Gift