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How to Write a Literature Review

A self-guided tutorial that walks you through the process of conducting a Literature Review.


Welcome! "Literature review process" cycle infographic: Follow the "long description" infographic link for a web accessible description

This guide is organized around the 7 steps in the graphic to the left to help you understand the process of writing a literature review.


This guide will help you to

  • Define a literature review
  • Recognize that different fields of study have their own way to perform and write literature reviews
  • Prepare to search the literature
  • Read critically -- analyze and synthesize
  • Prepare to write a literature review

Graphic from Literature Review (2009) by Machi and McEvoy.

Text description of "Literature Review Process" for web accessibility

Our thanks to IUPUI University Library for sharing their guide under a Creative Commons license. Content in this guide is borrowed from "Literature Review - A Self-Guided Tutorial."

Who is my Subject Librarian?

If you have questions related to a field or discipline, consider reaching out to a Subject Librarian by email, phone, or by scheduling an appointment for a free consultation: