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University of Oregon
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Text Descriptions of Images in Guides

This guide contains a long text description of images used in guides for web accessibility.

Reference Guide for Books (APA 7th)


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Copyright Year). Title of the book (7th ed.). Publisher. DOI or URL


Guidance for author names

Invert names so that the last name comes first, followed by a comma and the initials. Leave a space between initials. Retain the order of authors’ names.

Guidance for year of publication/copyright

Place the copyright year in parentheses. End with a period.

Guidance for book title

Capitalize only the first letter of the first word. For a two-part title, capitalize the first word of the second part of the title. Also capitalize proper nouns. Italicize the title. End with a period.

Guidance for publisher

Include the name of the publisher, followed by a period. Do not include the publisher location. Are there multiple publishers? If so, separate them with a semicolon.

Guidance for Digital Object Identifier (DOI) or Unique Resource Locator (URL)

Does the book have a DOI? Include a DOI if available. Do not include a URL or database information for works from academic research databases. Include a URL for ebooks from other websites. Do not put a period after the DOI or URL.

Guidance for edition or volume number

Does the book have an edition or volume number? If so, include the number in parentheses after the title but before the period. If both, show edition first and volume second, separated by a comma. Do not put a period between the title and the parenthetical information.

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