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University of Oregon
UO Libraries

​Arts and Administration

This guide identifies basic information resources of value to researchers associated with UO's Arts and Administration program.

Getting Started: Writing

Scholarly & Popular Sources

It can be hard to determine if an article is scholarly or popular. Here are some clues that can help identify is something is scholarly:

  • It is written by an expert in the field (Ph.D., etc.)
  • The institution (university or museum) where the author works is listed.
  • The article includes a bibliography.
  • The article is in a journal (usually scholarly) rather than a magazine (usually popular).
  • The journal might be described as "peer-reviewed" or "refereed."
  • Often scholarly articles have an abstract at the beginning that explains what the article is about.
  • The article is long - popular articles tend to be 1-5 pages; scholarly articles are often over 10 pages.

The 3-minute video below offers some great tips. Answer the questions below as you watch the video:

  • What clues in scholarly articles indicates that the author is an expert?
  • What do the footnotes and bibliography allow readers to do?
  • What is the part of a scholarly article that summarizes the main points?
  • What is it called when an article is reviewed by experts?
  • What are some ways you can visually identify a popular source?

Doing Library Research

Searching databases can be tricky. Here are some tips to help you think about ways to structure your searches to find more relevant results. Contact your librarian to get additional help or to see how these tricks can be used.

Limit your search to get fewer results:

  • Put phrases in quotations. For example, search "Mona Lisa" or "Art Nouveau" using quotation marks to keep those words next to each other.
  • Advanced Search. Use the Advanced Search feature in databases to make it easier to do multiple word searches, and to use AND/NOT operators.
  • AND. Putting AND between words makes sure your results include all of your key words.
  • NOT. Putting NOT between words makes it so that you do not get results with words you do not want.
  • Use the filters. Most databases have filters or facets to the side of the results. Use these to narrow by date, result type, language, and subject.

Expand your search to get more results:

  • Use asterisks: Putting an asterisk in place of a word ending will get more results. For example, build* will bring up results that include build(s), building(s), builder(s).
  • OR. Use OR in the search box for synonyms or related words. For example, type in Modern OR Contemporary.
  • Spell check! Most databases do not spell check. If you are not getting enough results, or if your results seem off, make sure the search terms are spelled correctly.

Design Library Help

Chat Email Phone Text

Art + Architecture Librarian

Sara DeWaay - Art, Art History, Arts Admin, Design's picture
Sara DeWaay - Art, Art History, Arts Admin, Design
Contact:
Design Library
200 Lawrence Hall
sdewaay@uoregon.edu
541-346-8785

Evaluating Sources

Below are some important things to consider when you are choosing which books, articles, and websites to use in your assignments.

Reliability: Is the information accurate and dependable? Do the facts match up?
Credibility: Is the author an expert? What are their credentials?
Validity: Where is the information coming from? It is personal opinion or research-based? Is there a bibliography or works cited section you can refer to?
Timeliness: When was it published?
Audience: Who was the article written for? Children? Scholars? Sometimes you can tell by the language - complexity and jargon suggest that it is written for a knowledgeable audience.
Bias: Does it discuss multiple sides of an issue or just one? Why was it written - for sales? to sway opinion?
Relevance: Does it address your research topic? How well? Read the abstract or introduction and conclusion to figure this out.

Considering all of these elements can help determine if your source is a good one to use for your topic. You often don't need to read the whole item to evaluate a source. Read the abstract or introduction and conclusion to make a decision about if the resource is going to work for you. If it is, then read the whole thing.